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Monday, July 23, 2012

Theory #5: Oscillating Particles


Theory:
Quantum particles called oscillators vibrate and make little waves at such high frequencies that nothing could detect it or hear it. These waves would compose everything from the smallest charm quark climbing upward: quarks, bosons, atoms, molecules, complex molecular chain structures, etc. The frequency would probably be around 10 to the power of negative 1 septillion Hertz, or (10*-10)* 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 waves up and down per second. Not even particle detection technology as sophisticated as the LHC’s (large hadron collider) could detect them, which explains why there has been no evidence of these “oscillators”. I hope evidence will in fact be found in the future for this theory because this is one of my particular favorites. A black hole would stop these oscillators by keeping them from oscillating, which would stop making all these jiggering waves, so in turn stopping any matter from being there at all. Quantum particles can be in more than one place at the same time, so that means that the waves could be hopping around all over the place, thus creating alternate universes. Scientists have found so many types of waves, so why not one more? Now I will share with you some little tidbits facts about waves.
Facts About Waves and their Properties:
  • Albert Einstein theorized that light in fact might not be a wave and maybe a particle. This theory opposed years upon centuries of work. (Yeah, he’s like that. You know the I’m-smart-so-I’m-making-a-theory-that’s-the-complete-opposite-of-what-people-think type. Same thing with his theory of relativity, which is probably my most favorite theory and most famous theory.)
  • Particles of light are called photons.
  • James Clerk Maxwell did my favorite experiment, which proves light can be in two places at once.
  • Electric and magnetic waves are both one unified force, called electromagnetism.
How I Thought of this Theory:
I was in Hawaii for 10 long days, so I was kinda in relaxation mode (OMG! I never say kinda unless I’m super relaxed and lazy! What a surprise!). Then it hit me. We were on the plane back to Massachusetts. It was like somebody had just wacked me in the face with a poker straight from the fireplace. I hadn’t read anything science related the whole trip, so my thinking brain needed a couple screws tightened. Once I read a couple of my science magazines, I got right back up to doing my blog (I mean really, in reality, not many people update their blog on a vacation unless you're my mom with a laptop updating your travel blog.). Then I read a bit in a book about a physicist named Max Planck who I didn’t know much about. It talked about his theory of balck body radiation, which discusses packets of energy, or quanta. This gave me even more motivation for an entry in my blog. And my favorite Hawaiian animal is the state fish: humuhumunukunukuapua’a. I really have memorized it and can say it too.

Wednesday, July 4, 2012

Theory #4: Black Holes and Higgs Bosons



Theory:
The Higgs boson, or the ‘god particle’ was “discovered” yesterday. Scientists are 99% sure of their confirmation, yet we physicists still need to be 100% sure for a theory to be valid. I promised myself a little over a year ago that I would do a couple laps around my kitchen. The Higgs boson is the heaviest particle and supposedly is what makes everything have mass. It happens when a Higgs boson passes through a particle and an electrostatic reaction occurs making the particle have mass. But I also think this particle is what makes black holes. Black holes can’t be seen, but they cause warps in space-time. When they have their “meal” of whatever is around (black holes are not picky) they utterly absorb it. Nothing can escape, not even photons (particles of light.) I think black holes were made before the Big Bang and still exist. What I think is that when there was pure nothingness is that there were a bunch of Higgs floating around. Because there was nothing to give mass to through an electrostatic reaction, they just accumulated in a bunch of clusters creating black holes. Once the Big Bang occured, and actual matter started to appear, these black holes interacted with particles to give them mass while absorbing them. Maybe when these particles pass through the black holes, they take a shortcut through space and time. This type of black hole, the type that contains shortcuts through the space-time, is called a wormhole. Maybe when the particles pass through the wormhole and get spit out the other end, it creates a “big bang”, spawning a whole new universe with more black holes. And then, of course, more black holes get formed in universe due to supernovas (the explosion that occurs when a star destroys itself, in a nutshell.) Now I will share with you some properties of a black hole.
Properties of a Black Hole:
  • Black holes do indeed have mass.
  • Black holes do not have any electric charge.
  • Thet do not have angular momentum either.
  • Because black holes don’t have an electric charge or angular momentum, black holes’ gravitational fields cannot be distinguished from any other spherical object in the cosmos with the same mass.
How I Thought of this Theory:
I was paralyzed with excitement this morning when my mom told me she had heard that scientists had practically found the Higgs boson, although I didn’t do any laps because it hasn’t been COMPLETELY confirmed. I was thinking about it and thought ‘I have to be able to come up with a theory when such a big milestone has pretty much happened.’ So henceforth I thought of this theory after an extra long thinking session. And by the way, happy scientific celebration!*
*And happy Fourth of July! Even scientists never forget about that!